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CIPS, NUST, H12, Islamabad
The current security situation in Syria and Iraq is indeed a matter of great concern. So far, the international community has failed in its effort to provide a sustainable solution. The perpetual instability across the region is adding to the misery of the people of Syria and Iraq. In addition, non-state actors and extremist elements are capitalizing on the ongoing chaos and taking control of a large area across both the countries. The intervention of foreign troops in the already troubled Middle East has added new dimension with warring factions deeply entrenched with their positions. The issue has already marred the interstate relationships in the context of Middle East and also Asia and Europe. These developments will only worsen overtime and will not only deteriorate the global peace but also will intensify sectarian and geopolitical rivalries, thereby potentially causing further radicalisation.

Since 2015, the conflict in Syria and Iraq has caused forced displacement of local population towards Europe beyond epic proportions. The current refugee crises is arguably the worst humanitarian crises since the Second World War. The influx of the refugees have impacted socio-political terrains of the host countries, and the collective response have appeared in the form 'securitisation’ of migration. Interestingly, we appear to have overlooked the enormous experience of Pakistan in relations to the management of millions of war-stricken Afghan refugees since 1980s. In fact, Pakistan has emerged as one of the largest refugee host nation in the world. Despite of political turmoil, security situations and economic hardships, the country stands enriched with varied experiences and understanding of the issues surrounding refugee crises, including the ongoing repatriation and rehabilitation process. Therefore, there is a greater need to share such experiences in order to better understand the ‘politics’ of refugees and crises and also to identify the lessons and different approaches.