MUSLIM Institute and Centre for International Peace & Stability (CIPS), National University of Science & Technology (NUST), Islamabad organized a seminar titled “Indian Occupation on Junagadh: Policy Options for Pakistan” on Tuesday, November 15, 2016 at NUST, Islamabad. The seminar was organized in connection to November 9, 1947 when Indian forces illegally occupied the state. Vice Chancellor of Air University Air Vice Marshal (R) Faaiz Amir chaired the session whereas Nawab of Junagadh State H. H. Nawab Jahangir Khanji was chief guest on the occasion. Other prominent speakers include Chairman MUSLIM Institute Sahibzada Sultan Ahmad Ali, Associate Dean CIPCS, NUST Dr. Tughral Yamin, Expert on International Law & Former Federal Minister of Law Mr. Ahmer Bilal Soofi, Lt. Gen. (R) Saeed Uz Zafar, Maj. Gen. (R) Ali Baz, Former MNA Prince Adnan Aurangzeb Khan, Brigadier (R) Abdul Rehman Assistant Professor Dept. of History QAU Dr. Farooq Ahmad Dar, Professor of Preston University Dr. Z A Qureshi and Research Associate of Research Society of International Law Mr. Abeer Mustafa.
Research Associate of MUSLIM Institute Malik Asif Tanveer moderated the proceedings of the seminar.
The speakers in the seminar said that at the time of partition, Nawab of Junagadh Nawab Mahabat Khanji decided to accede to Pakistan because he was very impressed with the policies of Quaid-i-Azam. On September 15, 1947 Nawab of Junagadh opted to accede to Pakistan and signed the letter of accession. Defence, communication and foreign affairs were given under responsibility of government of Pakistan. The decision of Nawab was in consultation with the state council of Junagadh which included Hindu as well as Muslim members. India didn’t accept this decision and economically sieged the state. On November 9, 1947 India occupied the Junagadh state by military offensive. Quaid-i-Azam made it clear that Indian occupation on Junagadh was unacceptable and thus Pakistan took the case to United Nations where it is still unresolved.
Kashmir, Junagadh and Hyderabad are those big examples where India broke the Independence act and international law and occupied the states. Nehru and Patel tried hard to prevent the states from opting to accede to Pakistan. British government also didn’t take any action against those illegal actions of India. India is even today carrying on the same aggressive policy and is involve in negative activities in the region including spread of terrorism.
Speakers further said that the instrument of accession has the status of treaty in accordance with international law. Pakistan can approach Secretary General of United Nations to take the action under article 99 and the instrument of accession can be presented to him as a legal document. Pakistan should include Junagadh state in its every map. Pakistan should built itself and economically stronger so that it can force international community to take the actions against Indian occupation. Young generation should raise the issue on social media as well.
After the speeches of honourable speakers, interactive session was also held.
Diplomats, academicians, politicians, journalists, researchers and people from different walks of life participated in the seminar.