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•    Manuscripts should contain original and unpublished work and must not have been concurrently submitted to other publishers. While the paper may draw on existing work, it should be materially different from any published document. This may include significant updating, new analysis or interpretation of previous work.
•    Maximum manuscript length is 25-30 pages, excluding references and figures. 
•    All manuscripts must be accompanied by an abstract of not more than 150 words, up to five keywords.
•    The first page of the manuscript should include the name, position, institutional affiliation, postal address and e-mail addresses of all the authors, indicating who the corresponding author is.


•    Submissions should be in MS Word for the text, in Times New Roman, font size 12 double spaced (except for footnotes and verbation inset quotations), and MS Word Equation Editor for equations. Manuscript should carry a margin of an inch and a half on the left-hand side of the typed page and of at least an inch on each of the other there sides.
•    The files of tables and charts should be submitted in MS Excel and stata-generated figures should be saved and sent in Encapsulated PostScript (eps) format. Each table should a separate set of footnotes.

Abbreviations and Acronyms

•    Spell out all abbreviations and acronyms when they are first mentioned in the text, such as “United Nations (UN)”. This rule does not apply for the commonly known and exceptionally long abbreviation, “HIV/AIDS”, which should be written as is. Do not use abbreviations and acronyms in titles and headings. Abbreviations in tables and figures are allowed provided these are spelled out in a footnote. This applies even when the abbreviation has been spelled out in the text. Do not use periods in abbreviations and acronyms also.

•    Place appendixes at the end of the paper and number them as Appendix 1, Appendix 2, and so on. Appendixes should carry complete titles. If there is only one appendix, use “Appendix” rather than “Appendix 1”. Each appendix should have a separate set of footnotes.

Country names

•    NJSSH writes these countries as follows:
People’s Republic of China

Hong Kong, China Republic of Korea Taipei, China
United States

Viet Nam

Currencies and Exchange Rates

•    Always indicate the present dollar equivalent of a local currency. When plotting a local currency across different time periods, write the dollar equivalent exchange rate as a footnote or in parenthesis, with the corresponding date, e.g., (USD1=PKR 101.88 as of 8th June 2015).
•    When two or more currencies are being compared across years, express them in index form in the graphics (tables or charts), in footnotes, or in legends, specifying the base year as, for example, 2010=100. As a sentence, express the index year as, for example, “The exchange rate in December 2010 is equal to 100.”
•    When a currency is used without the amount in figures, it should not be abbreviated, and should be in lower case, e.g., “the devaluation of the rupee.”
•    Spell out “billion” or “million” when expressing currency amounts either in text or in graphics (e.g., PKR8 billion, not “PKR8 bn”).


•    Refer to all graphs, diagrams, and charts as “figures” and number them consecutively in the text with Arabic numerals. Place all figures on the page where they are first cited. All figures should carry the figure number and title, e.g., Figure 1: The Effect of Gender on Household Expenditures. If there is only one figure in the manuscript, present the title unnumbered. Spell out “Figure” in the text citation, e.g., Figure 1.


•    Include the following information in an unnumbered footnote appearing on the first page of the manuscript: names of author(s), titles, affiliated institution(s), addresses, contact numbers, and e-mail. Include any acknowledgment in this unnumbered footnote. Do not include this footnote in the consecutive numbering of footnotes. Remaining footnotes (no end notes) should be numbered consecutively.  

Foreign Terms

•    Italicize foreign terms only on first mention, followed by its English translation in parenthesis or as a footnote.


•    Authors should be careful to ensure accuracy and consistency in the use of mathematical material. Discussions in the text must be consistent with figures given in tables and appendixes.
•    Number all displayed formulas consecutively throughout the manuscript as (1), (2), and so on, positioning the numbering against the right margin of the page (flush right). In cases where the derivation of formulas has been abbreviated, present the full derivation on a separate page or as an appendix. (This may not be published but may be used by reviewers.) Encode formulas using MSWord Equation Editor.

•    Observe a maximum of three heading levels. Only when absolutely necessary may a fourth heading level be used. See the sample below for format:
    Second Level: Caps and Lower Case, Bold, Flush Left
    Third Level: Caps and Lower Case, Bold, Indented
    Fourth Level: Caps and Lower Case, Bold, Double Indented


•    Enumerations or lists should use Roman number bullets (i, iii, iii etc.)


•    Use the metric system for measurements. If a unit of measure will be used frequently in a report, spell it out first and give the abbreviation in parenthesis. Thereafter, use the abbreviated form. Use only the singular form when abbreviating a unit. Do not use a period with the abbreviated form.


•    Present all notes as footnotes. Keep footnotes to a minimum, ensuring that they carry substantive related material. Do not place reference details in the footnotes, rather present all bibliographic details in a Reference List. Number footnotes consecutively throughout the text with Arabic numerals. Use a size 9 point for footnotes.


•    Spell the numbers one to nine, unless used as a unit of measure, e.g., 9 days. Round off numbers to a maximum of two decimal places only, unless presenting regression results.


•    Reference lists are strictly required of all submissions. A one-to-one correspondence between text citations and the bibliography must be observed. The reference list appears at the end of the main text (after Appendixes). References should carry complete information, i.e., (i) periodical citations must include volume, number, and page references; (ii) published titles should specify place of publication and publisher; and (iii) unpublished conference proceedings should carry conference title, organizer, venue, and date. Do not abbreviate titles of journals. List the entries in alphabetical order by author’s surname and beginning with an author’s earliest works. Ensure that spelling of names and dates of publication used within the text and in the references agree.
•    Indicate references to publications within the manuscript text in one of the following ways:

For People’s Republic of China, the figure is 6 percent (Beijing 2004)…; Bhagwati (1992) notes that ...; This issue has been studied previously (see, for example, Bhagwati et al. 1992).

•    For quoted references, include the specific page, table, or chapter number of the quote:

(Oslo 1991, 342); World Bank (1993, Table 4); (Ahmed 1995, Chapter X)

Reference List

•    Books

Single Author: Rosenberg, N. 1976. Perspectives on Technology. New York : Cambridge University Press.

Two Authors: Helpman, E. and P. R. Krugman. 1985. Market Structure and Foreign Trade. Cambridge: MA: MIT Press.
 Edited Book: Harriss, C. L., ed. 1975. The Good Earth of America. Englewood Cliffs NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Chapter of an edited book: Smith, M. L. 2006. Multiple Methodology in Education Research. In J. L. Green, G. Camilli, & P. B. Elmore, eds. Handbook of Complementary Methods in Education Research (pp. 457-475). Mahwah, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
•    Periodicals / Newspapers

Clausing, K. A. 1996. Essays in International Economic Integration. Ph.D. dissertation, Harvard University.

International Herald Tribune. 1996. WTO Chief Voices Growing Confidence. 29 July.
•    Published Conference Proceedings

Lessard, D. R. 1989. Country Risk. In C. C. Stone, ed. Financial Risk: Theory, Evidence and Implications. Proceedings of the Eleventh Annual Economic Policy Conference of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis. Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
•    Paper Presented in a Conference
Blakley, L. 1974. Domestic Food Costs. Paper presented at AAEA Annual Meeting, College Station TX, 4–8 August.
•    Unpublished Reports, Discussion Papers, Working Papers, Monograph Series
Campose, N. 1996. How Reluctant Are Nations in Global Integration? Department of Economics, University of Southern California, Los Angeles. October. Unpublished.

Harrigan, F. 1996. Saving Transitions in Southeast Asia. EDRC Report Series No. 64. Manila: Asian Development Bank.
•    Electronic Sources

World Resources Institute. 1996. World Resources World Bank. Worldwide Governance Research Indicators Dataset. http://www. (accessed 15 June 2015).


•    Table values should be rounded to one decimal place. Number tables consecutively in the text using Arabic numerals. Present tables on the page where they are first cited. All tables should carry the table number and title, e.g., Table 1: Growth in East and Southeast Asia. If there is only one table in the manuscript, give only the title as a header. Spell out “Table” in the text citation, e.g., Table 1. Use the symbol “...” where data are not available or applicable. Use “nil” where values are nil or negligible. Use a size 9 to 11 point within tables, and size 7.5 point for table footnotes.

Manuscripts (hard copy) of articles, comments, rejoinders, notes and book reviews—in English only—should be sent in triplicate together with a soft copy on CD to the Managing Editor, NUST Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, School of Social Sciences and Humanities, National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST), Sector H-12, Islamabad, Pakistan. Submissions via e-mail (as attachment in MS Word only) are acceptable for consideration. Submissions and queries regarding submission may be sent to