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Research Projects
 
HYDROLOGICAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT OF TRANS-BOUNDARY RIVERS
 
 By
Dr. Javed Iqbal & Mr. Muhammad Ahsan Mahboob
 
Pakistan’s dependency on the water sector and its effects on economic growth of the country, leads to a precise water planning and usage. India’s ability to exercise the option of manipulating with the waters of Pakistan is of key importance, as the relations between the two countries have never been very cordial. India’s intrusions on the western rivers, namely Indus and Jhelum and manipulation of flows in Eastern Rivers need to be studied carefully to mitigate its effects on Pakistan’s water demands and supply as well as to address environmental concerns arising due to the situation. This research work will help the planning and decision making institutions of country to understand the problems and their solution.
 
Execution Summary:  Pakistan’s dependency on the water sector and its effects on economic growth of the country, leads to a precise water planning and usage. India’s ability to exercise the option of manipulating with the waters of Pakistan is of key importance, as the relations between the two countries have never been very cordial. India’s intrusions on the western rivers, namely Indus and Jhelum and manipulation of flows in Eastern Rivers need to be studied carefully to mitigate its effects on Pakistan’s water demands and supply as well as to address environmental concerns arising due to the situation. This research work will help the planning and decision making institutions of country to understand the problems and their solution.
The discharge data of upstream of dams/barrages will be acquired for all rivers from various organizations in Pakistan. Water samples will be collected from selected sites upstream of dams/barrages, after rivers water crossing the Line of Control/ International border. These samples will be tested for the water quality parameters. Satellite imagery will be acquired with an interval of 8-10 years for temporal analysis. Data collected will be statistically analyzed to assess trend, quantum and pattern change in river flows, its effects and remedial measures. Laboratory analysis of collected water samples to ascertain the pollutants present in river discharge and their likely effects on agriculture, surface and groundwater. Satellite imagery will be classified to assess the change in different land cover/ land use classes and maps will be generated.
 
Specific Objectives:
The specific objectives of the project will be
1.    To assess temporal change in river discharge of Trans boundary Rivers before and after construction of Indian dams
2.    To assess Trans boundary Rivers water quality by ascertaining the pollutants present in the water
3.    To assess downstream temporal change in land cover and water bodies in the Trans boundary River basins.